Of the new gTLDs, few have amassed such a history prior to release as .WINE and .VIN. From international lawsuits, to official objections by Saudi Arabia, these extensions faced an uphill battle.
Applications were first posted in June of 2012 by three applicants, Famous Four Media, Afilias, and Donuts.
A lawsuit was filed by Domain Venture Partners in February, 2012 which cast a cloud over the new gTLDs. Some doubted that the extensions would ever see the light of day.
Then Saudi Arabia tried to kill the extensions. In a comment dated August 13, 2012 they stated:
“We are concerned that the gTLD strings will be used to promote and glamorise the consumption of alcohol which, in turn, is responsible for the prevalence of alcohol-related disease and a range of social ills. The promotion and sale of alcohol are controlled in most countries because governments have identified these dangers.”
Through intensive international negotiations, the lawsuit was dismissed in August, 2013.
Finally, over their objections of Saudi Arabia, ICANN voted to move forward with the extension and there was a private auction in November, 2014 to determine ownership. Donuts prevailed for an undisclosed sum and made the gTLDs available for registration in January, 2016.
For a detailed analysis of the first few days of registrations, we wrote an article at DNNews: The $1 Million Release of DotWine.